Bring a large pot of lightly salted water to a boil. Add green beans and cook uncovered until tender, about 2 minutes. Drain in a colander and rinse with cold water to stop the cooking process. Drain.
Heat olive oil in a small skillet over medium heat. Add chopped garlic; fry, stirring often, until golden brown, 2 to 3 minutes. Remove from heat.
Combine chicken broth, water, red chile pepper, and sliced garlic in a pot. Bring to a boil; simmer until flavors combine, about 3 minutes. Stir in soy sauce, fish sauce, black pepper, and rice wine vinegar; simmer for 2 minutes.
Stir green beans, ramen noodles, and seasoning packet included in the package into the pot. Cook until noodles soften, about 3 minutes. Stir in enoki mushrooms; simmer until tender, about 2 minutes. Add scallions; cook until wilted, about 1 minute.
Ladle noodles, green beans, mushrooms, and broth into a bowl. Top with basil and cilantro leaves. Sprinkle fried garlic on top.